Essex Men at Agincourt 1415
Henry V's campaign in
France led to the great battle of Agincourt on October 1415.
Superior tactics and the use of the longbow enabled Henry's army to defeat the French and start a period of British domination of a large area of France.
Henry's army contained a contingent of Essex men, the most prominent of which was Richard, Earl of Oxford who at the time was based at Castle Hedingham. Not only did his personal force number 40 men at arms and 100 archers but his importance led to many other Essex men joining the army in France.
28 of his lancer followers were listed after the battle. Although we can't be certain it is likely that the men were also based at Castle Hedingham and many would have been born and bred in Essex.
A support network was in place in England to keep the army supplied during the period of war and for the period of occupation that followed..
In 1418 the Sheriffs of Essex and Hertfordshire were required to supply 100,000 feathers for making arrows.
Shipping in the Thames was seized to provide troop transport to France and the wealthy were requested to make loans to the King.
Carrying out this work in Essex on behalf of the King were
The Earl of Oxford
Henry Lord Bourchier Count of Eu
Source-The Essex Militia by John William Burrows published 1929